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September um Das südliche Jiangsu ist eine der reichsten Regionen Chinas, der Norden zählt dagegen zu den ärmeren Gebieten. Für bis zu 5 Ihrer letzten Buchungen. It feels great" Nichol. Bewertung "Frühstücksbüffet erstklassig" Hans Heinrich. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Seit ist Suzhou eine der Sonderwirtschaftszonen.

Tea is grown in the southwestern uplands around Yixing, which produces the famous Yixing china tea sets.

Cattle, pig, and poultry raising are an important source of food and income, especially since the number and size of private plots allowed to each household increased.

Fishing and aquaculture are other sources of food. Aquatic products abound south of the Yangtze River where hilsa shad Tenualosa ilisha and swordfish from the river, whitebait silversides of Lake Tai, and freshwater Chinese mitten or hairy crabs Eriocher sinesis of Yangcheng Lake are all specialty products in the country.

Marine fishery products are also abundant, the largest fisheries being at Lüsi in the southeast and at Haizhou Bay in the northeast.

Fish varieties include yellow croakers and hairtails, as well as prawns, crabs, and other shellfish.

Jiangsu is rich in energy resources. In addition to coal , there is great potential for exploiting offshore petroleum and natural gas reserves in the Yellow Sea.

Metallic minerals include iron, copper, lead, and zinc. Surface runoff is enormous, and a tremendous quantity of water transits the province annually through its myriad rivers, streams, and canals.

Jiangsu also has vast reserves of groundwater beneath the surface of the plain. Despite possessing a vast network of rivers and streams, the province has only limited hydroelectric-generating capacity because of its generally low relief.

Most power is generated by thermal plants, although the first of several planned nuclear-power stations along the Yellow Sea coast went into commercial operation in The pillar industries are those manufacturing machinery, electronics, petrochemicals, textiles, foodstuffs, and building materials with the processing industry as a priority.

Since the drive began in the s to reform and open up the country, the province has benefited from considerable foreign investment. There are important development zones in a number of cities, including Changzhou , Nanjing , Nantong , Suzhou, Wuxi , and Yixing.

Nanjing is the most important heavy industrial centre of Jiangsu proper. Major industrial plants produce trucks and parts for motor vehicles, chemical fertilizers, and detergent raw materials.

The Nanjing industrial area also produces steel, petrochemicals, electronics, machine tools, cameras, textiles, cement, and sundry building materials.

Wuxi, near Shanghai, has become a major industrial centre with good inland waterway connections to all parts of the province.

Modern manufactures include machine tools, agricultural and transportation equipment, cotton textiles, silk reeling, and food processing.

Good deposits of iron and coal have been found at Xuzhou and are used in a local ironworks and steelworks.

Goods formerly shipped through Shanghai are now handled through the provincial ports of Nantong, Zhangjiagang, and Lianyungang. Nantong, with its extensive deepwater frontage on the Yangtze, has developed its own economic and technical investment zone; and Lianyungang, as the eastern terminus of the Longhai Railway, is a key export outlet for the central and northwestern provinces along the rail line.

Jiangsu is the communications hub of the eastern China region. A convenient water, land, and air network of transportation has been developed with Nanjing as its centre.

Among the assets of the province is the dense water transport network. With more than 14, miles 22, km of inland waterways, Jiangsu carries more than one-fourth of its goods by water.

The completion in of the Yangtze rail and highway bridge at Nanjing made the city a key north-south and east-west communications hub.

The Grand Canal, which is periodically redredged, continues to play an important role in north-south transport. A network of express highways has been constructed rapidly in the province since the s.

Routes run southeastward from Nanjing through Suzhou to Shanghai and from there south to Hangzhou in Zhejiang province, forming the main road artery of the Lake Tai region.

The highway from Nanjing also stretches westward to Hefei , the capital city of Anhui province. In addition to a second Nanjing Yangtze bridge completed in connecting the express highway to Hefei in Anhui province, construction of a bridge spanning the Yangtze River linking highways between Jiangyin and Jingjiang was completed in , facilitating a continuous express highway northward from Wuxi through western Jiangsu and into Shandong province.

Jiangsu is divided into 13 prefecture-level municipalities dijishi. The province also contains county-level municipalities xianjishi and counties xian.

The provincial capital, Nanjing, is the military regional headquarters for eastern China. Jiangsu has a rich educational tradition, and the province has been a source for large numbers of noted scholars and intellectuals since ancient times.

Even in contemporary times, some one-fifth of the members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering were born in Jiangsu.

There are dozens of institutions of higher learning in the province, and some of them e. The proportion of the provincial population with a primary level of education or higher is much higher than the national average.

Since health care expanded greatly, so that it was available to most people. However, after health care became commercialized in the s, some people especially lower-paid workers found it more difficult to get adequate services.

The cities of the province fall into two categories based on the standpoint of historical development—the ancient cities and the modern cities.

Those in the first group date from ancient or medieval times and include Nanjing, Suzhou, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, and Xuzhou. Several of them are well known in East Asian history, are rich in cultural heritage, and have a long tradition that has found artistic expression in Chinese traditional architecture , painting , sculpture , flower gardens , stone bridges , and world-renowned handicraft industries, such as silk embroidery and carving of various materials.

These cities often possess historical monuments, famous temples , and local shrines and pailou arches honouring their illustrious citizens.

Many cities have a rich folklore. Nanjing, especially, abounds in national monuments and famous historical relics. The gastronomic specialty of this ancient capital is the renowned Nanjing salted duck, made from ducks raised in nearby ponds and lakes.

Other products from the Nanjing area include handwoven silk zhijing , particularly cloud brocades, which use every conceivable shade of colour to portray the clouds of sky at sunset.

In addition to the Nanjing handiworks, many of the arts and crafts products produced in other Jiangsu cities are world-renowned, including embroidery from Suzhou, clay teapots from Yixing, laquerwork from Yangzhou, and clay figurines from Wuxi.

In addition, Jiangsu is the birthplace of kunqu , an elegant and artistic Chinese dramatic form whose system of performance had a major influence on the development of jingxi Peking opera.

Jiangsu—with its high concentration of hill and water landscapes, gardens, scenic historic sites, and cities of cultural interest—has become a major tourist mecca, and tourism has become increasingly important to the provincial economy.

Also attracting large numbers of tourists annually are the world-renowned natural scenery of Lake Tai, the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, the Ming Tombs and the Temple of Confucius at Nanjing, the Slender West Lake Shou Xihu area of Yangzhou, and the tomb at Xuzhou associated with the Han dynasty bce — ce containing a collection of terra-cotta warriors.

In antiquity, the Jiangsu region was within the jurisdiction of the ancient state of Wu. During the Zhou dynasty — bce much of the area was called Gouwu and was considered to be outside Chinese borders.

The golden age of culture in the region was during the more extended Six Dynasties period — , when it received a major influx of immigrants from the north.

Another period of major cultural and commercial development occurred during the Nan Song dynasty — In the early decades of the Ming dynasty — , Nanjing was the capital for the entire empire, and even after , when the Ming capital shifted to Beijing , Nanjing remained as subcapital for South China.

During the Ming and the succeeding Qing Manchu dynasties, Jiangnan was a major rice surplus region, supplying two-fifths of tribute tax grain to the capital by means of the Grand Canal.

Jiangnan merchants were among the most influential in China during this period. In the midth century there was significant foreign commercial intervention, based on treaty port privileges.

In the 20th century Jiangsu became an important power base for the Nationalist Party of Chiang Kai-shek Jiang Jieshi , and Nanjing was made capital of the Nationalist government in It remained the puppet government capital under the Japanese occupation, after the Nationalist government moved to Chongqing.

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The new expatriates opened a European-and-Chinese school in and the Suzhou Railway Station , connecting it with Shanghai , opened [20] on July 16, Just prior to the First World War , there were silk looms in operation, as well as a cotton mill and a large trade in rice.

As late as the early 20th century, much of the city consisted of islands connected by rivers, creeks, and canals to the surrounding countryside.

In the early s, restoration was done on the Humble Administrator's Garden and the Lingering Garden. The urban core of Suzhou is informally called the "Old Town".

It is Gusu District. In , the original Wu County was divided into two districts including Xiangcheng and Wuzhong. They now form the northern and southern parts of the city of Suzhou.

Suzhou is one of the most prosperous cities in China. Its development has a direct correlation with the growth of its satellite cities , including Kunshan , Taicang , Changshu , and Zhangjiagang , which together with the city of Suzhou form the Suzhou prefecture.

The Suzhou prefecture is home to many high-tech enterprises. Suzhou has a four-season humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and cool, cloudy, damp winters with occasional snowfall Köppen climate classification Cfa.

The hottest temperature recorded since was at The Humble Administrator's Garden. Gate to the East is a Originally built during the Warring States Period in the state of Wu, historians estimate it to be around 2, years old.

It is now part of the Pan Gate Scenic Area. It is known for the "three landmarks of Pan Gate". The Ruigang Pagoda is constructed of brick with wooden platforms and has Buddhist carvings at its base.

To raise money to finance the bridge, the magistrate donated his expensive belt, hence the name. The bridge was first built in A.

It was made out of stone from Jinshan Mountain and is the longest standing bridge of its kind in China.

The bridge was included on the list of national monuments resolution in The Tiger Hill is known for its natural environment and historical sites.

The hill is so named because it is said to look like a crouching tiger. Another legend states that a white tiger appeared on the hill to guard it following the burial The hill has been a tourist destination for hundreds, if not thousands, of years, as is evident from the poetry and calligraphy carved into rocks on the hill.

It has several other names, including the "Leaning Tower of China" as referred to by historian O. Ingles [36] and the Yunyan Temple Tower.

It is a seven-story octagonal building built with blue bricks. In more than a thousand years the tower has gradually slanted due to forces of nature.

Now the top and bottom of the tower vary by 2. It is the tallest Chinese pagoda south of the Yangtze river. They are artistic and natural as they are close at hand.

One of them is called Clarity-Dispensing Pagoda and the other Beneficence Pagoda and they are in the same form of building. There are many legends about the one-thousand-year-old pagodas.

It is charming that the exquisite and straight Twin Pagoda look like two inserted writing brushes. There was originally a single-storey house with three rooms just like a writing brush holder with the shadows of the two pagodas reclining on its roof at sunset.

To the east of the pagoda is a square five-storeyed bell building built in the Ming Dynasty which is exactly like a thick ink stick.

So there is a saying that "the Twin Pagodas are as writing brushes while the bell building as ink stick". The city's major museums include the Suzhou Museum designed by I.

The population of Suzhou is predominantly Han Chinese. The official language of broadcast, instruction, etc. In addition to American and European expatriates, there is a large Korean community in Suzhou.

That year Korean companies operated in Suzhou, and the Koreans made up the largest number of students at the Suzhou Singapore International School.

Suzhou's economy is based primarily on its large manufacturing sector—China's second largest—including iron and steel, IT and electronic equipment, and textile products.

The city's service sector is notably well-developed, primarily owing to tourism, which brought in a total of RMB billion of revenue in The city is also one of China's foremost destinations for foreign investment, based on its relative proximity to Shanghai and comparatively low operating costs.

The municipal government has enacted various measures to encourage FDI in a number of manufacturing e. Included among these measures is a preferential tax policy for limited partnership venture capital enterprises in the Suzhou Industrial Park.

The project officially commenced on 12 May in the same year. The Suzhou Industrial Park Export Processing Zone was approved to be established by the government in April , with a planning area of 2.

Inside the Export Processing Zone, all the infrastructures are of high standard. The Suzhou New District was established in In November , the zone was approved to be the national-level hi-tech industrial zone.

SND hosts now more than 1, foreign companies. Some 40 Fortune companies set up 67 projects in the district. Suzhou is on the Shanghai-Nanjing corridor which carries three parallel railways.

Suzhou Railway Station , near the city center, is among the busiest passenger stations in China. It is served by the Beijing—Shanghai Railway mostly "conventional" trains to points throughout China and the Shanghai-Nanjing Intercity Railway high-speed D- and G-series trains providing frequent service primarily between Shanghai and Nanjing.

It takes only 25 minutes to reach Shanghai Railway Station on the fastest G-series trains and less than 2 hours to Nanjing. In and between Suzhou and South KunShan station, Suzhou Industrial Park Railway Station now also becomes an important station for people visiting and living in the areas.

The northern part of the city, including such county-level cities as Zhangjiagang , Changshu and Taicang , presently has no rail service. However, plans exist for a cross- river railway from Nantong to the Shanghai metropolitan area the Shanghai—Nantong Railway , which will run through most of these county-level cities.

Construction work is expected to start in and to take five and a half years. In , the Suzhou Outer Ring was completed, linking the peripheral county-level cities of Taicang , Kunshan , and Changshu.

China National Highway also passes through Suzhou. Port of Suzhou, on the right bank of Yangtze River , dealt with million tons of cargo and 5.

The Suzhou Rail Transit currently has three lines in operation and two other lines under construction. The masterplan consists of nine independent lines.

Line 1 started operation on April 28, , Line 2 started operation on December 28, , [49] and Line 4 started operation in Suzhou Tram system has one route in the Suzhou New District.

Suzhou has public bus routes that run into all parts of the city. Fares are flat rated, usually 1 Yuan for a non-air-conditioned bus and 2 Yuan for an air-conditioned one.

Administrative divisions of the Republic of China instead. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Jiangsu province.

For the city in Anhui province, see Suzhou, Anhui. For other uses, see Suzhou disambiguation. For other uses, see Suchow disambiguation.

Prefecture-level city in Jiangsu, People's Republic of China. Landmarks of Suzhou — top left: Humble Administrator's Garden ; top right: Yunyan Pagoda in Tiger Hill; middle: Skyline of Jinji Lake ; bottom left: Changmen Gate in night; bottom right: List of administrative divisions of Jiangsu.

Suzhou as viewed from Beisi Pagoda. Classical Gardens of Suzhou. Pingjiang Road and Shantang Street.

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